Each temple had a statue of the god for which copal incense was burned four times a day. Most Mesoamerican beliefs included cycles of suns. According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. Quetzalcoatl replaced him and started the second age of the world and it became populated again. The legend of Quetzalcoatl is spoofed in the Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel. (Read and Gonzalez 223) This version of the creation myth would play an important role i… In the complex Mesoamerican creation myths Tezcatlipoca ruled the first world of the Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl. In what manner shall I act for the governed, for the vassals (macehualtin)? Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces to create the surface of the earth but later became fierce enemies in the city of Tollan. Background. Quetzal feathers were a rare and precious commodity in the Aztec culture. For the giant pterosaur, see. Tezcatlipoca (/ˌtɛzkætliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca Nahuatl pronunciation: [teskatɬiˈpoːka] (listen)[1]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. Tezcatlipoca is one of the Aztec gods with Quetzalcoatl governing the cycle of Creation.. [29], The vowel transliterated here as [i] may in fact have been long or followed by a glottal stop which is sometimes written as an ⟨h⟩. Mexico's flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery. Those people who survived the deluge were turned into fish.[29]. And over the North presides the Black Tezcatlipoca, known by no other name than Tezcatlipoca, the god of judgment, night, deceit, sorcery and the Earth. Although the exact definition of the momoztli is unknown, with definitions varying from "mound", "stone seat" and "temple", there is an overall consensus that it is a general holy place to worship the gods, specifically mentioned as "his [Tezcatlipoca's] viewing place".[15]. [4][5], He had many epithets which alluded to different aspects of his deity: Titlacauan /ˌtɪtləˈkaʊən/ ("We Are His Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by Whom We Live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èhecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome Acatl[6] ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). [27] The young man would approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed in this manner was a great honor. The earliest depictions of the feathered serpent deity were fully zoomorphic, depicting the serpent as an actual snake, but already among the Classic Maya, the deity began acquiring human features. (Restall 2001 p. 114)[full citation needed]. They maintained a major pilgrimage and commercial center at Cholula, Puebla which the Spaniards compared to both Rome and Mecca because the cult of the god united its constituents through a field of common social, political, and religious values without dominating them militarily. The color black is strongly associated with Tezcatlipoca and he is often portrayed as having horizontal bands across his face especially in black and yellow, but the many different codices vary on which two colors from site to site. Members of this confederacy from Tlaxcala, Puebla, and Oaxaca provided the Spaniards with the army that first reclaimed the city of Cholula from its pro-Aztec ruling faction, and ultimately defeated the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). Historian Matthew Restall concludes that: The legend of the returning lords, originated during the Spanish-Mexica war in Cortés' reworking of Moctezuma's welcome speech, had by the 1550s merged with the Cortés-as-Quetzalcoatl legend that the Franciscans had started spreading in the 1530s. Animals thought to represent Quetzalcoatl include resplendent quetzals, rattlesnakes (coatl meaning "serpent" in Nahuatl), crows, and macaws. [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. [33] This speech, which has been widely referred to, has been a factor in the widespread belief that Moctezuma was addressing Cortés as the returning god Quetzalcoatl. Tlaloc, the god of rain, then became the sun. In this legend, Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances. The story of the life of the Mexican divinity, Quetzalcoatl, closely resembles that of the Savior; so closely, indeed, that we can come to no other conclusion than that Quetzalcoatl and Christ are the same being. The rivalry between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca is also recounted in the legends of Tollan where Tezcatlipoca deceives Quetzalcoatl who was the ruler of the legendary city and forces him into exile. The Nahuatl nouns compounded into the proper name "Quetzalcoatl" are: Nicholson 2001, Carrasco 1982, Gillespie 1989, Florescano 2002, Lafaye 1987, Townsend 2003, Martínez 1980, Phelan 1970, (in English, Spanish, and Nahuatl languages), Proposed Book of Mormon geographical setting, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Fate/Grand Order - Absolute Demonic Front: Babylonia, The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel, "Evidence of Mushroom Worship in Mesoamerica", "New Taxonomical and Ethnomycological Observations on, "Readings in Classical Nahuatl: The Death of Quetzalcoatl", "The Complete New York City Horror Movie Marathon! [26] "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". Eighty steps led to a landing twelve or fourteen feet wide. Later on, Xavier and the Aztecs summon Quetzalcoatl in his mortal form and wind up angering him after cutting him open. Sometimes the mirror was shown on his chest, and sometimes smoke would emanate from the mirror. [21] The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will. Tezcatlipoca was also honoured during the ceremony of the 9th month, when the Miccailhuitontli "Little Feast of the Dead" was celebrated to honour the dead, as well as during the Panquetzaliztli "Raising of Banners" ceremony in the 15th month. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, being ‘creator’ gods and direct sons of the original deity Ometeotl, constantly struggled against each other for power. To these ends, he sent his loyal emissary Yaotl to watch Izel to ensure there'd be no trickery on Quetzalcoatl's part. This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. [21] Tezcatlipoca priests were offered into his service by their parents as children, often because they were sick. Quetzalcoatl is not a religious symbol in the Latter-day Saint faith, and is not taught as such, nor is it in their doctrine that Quetzalcoatl is Jesus. [7], When depicted he was usually drawn with a black and a yellow stripe painted across his face. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror, bone, or a snake—an allusion to the creation myth in which he loses his foot battling with the Earth Monster. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. Cholula is known to have remained the most important center of worship to Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec/Nahua version of the feathered serpent deity, in the post-classic period. In Aztec times (14th through 16th centuries) Quetzalcóatl was revered as the patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen; he was also identified with the planet Venus. Because of this, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a missing foot. "[8] Tezcatlipoca appears on the first page of the Codex Borgia carrying the 20 day signs of the calendar; in the Codex Cospi he is shown as a spirit of darkness, as well as in the Codex Laud and the Dresden Codex. Alternating as regents of each of the five Ages, it was Quetzalcoatl who had become the solar deity during the Fifth Sun. [23] The young man would spend his last week singing, feasting and dancing. [5] That period lies within the Late Preclassic to Early Classic period (400 BC – 600 AD) of Mesoamerican chronology; veneration of the figure appears to have spread throughout Mesoamerica by the Late Classic period (600–900 AD).[6]. Among the Aztecs, whose beliefs are the best-documented in the historical sources, Quetzalcoatl was related to gods of the wind, of the planet Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts and knowledge. Perhaps thou mistaketh me for another; perhaps thou seekest another in my stead[21], For kings, lords, priests, and citizens alike, the cyclical nature they observed every day and every year was portrayed not through science or philosophical debate, but utter reverence and respect for the spiritual beings they believed were the cause of these events. A feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. Represented as the plumed serpent, Quetzalcoatl was also manifest in the wind, one of the most powerful forces of nature, and this relationship was captured in a text in the Nahuatl language: Quetzalcoatl; yn ehecatl ynteiacancauh yntlachpancauh in tlaloque, yn aoaque, yn qujqujiauhti. [27] During the last 20 days before being sacrificed, the ixiptla had their appearance transformed back to that of a warrior. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. Some legends describe him as opposed to human sacrifice[24] while others describe him practicing it.[25][26]. On the basis of the Teotihuacan iconographical depictions of the feathered serpent, archaeologist Karl Taube has argued that the feathered serpent was a symbol of fertility and internal political structures contrasting with the War Serpent symbolizing the outwards military expansion of the Teotihuacan empire. The first culture to use the symbol of a feathered serpent as an important religious and political symbol was Teotihuacan. [29] To attract her, Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait, and Cipactli ate it. 5D's, Fate/Grand Order - Absolute Demonic Front: Babylonia, Beyblade: Metal Fusion and Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid (the latter depicting Quetzalcoatl as a female dragon deity); the Megami Tensei video game franchise; the video games Fate/Grand Order, Final Fantasy VIII, Final Fantasy XV, Sanitarium, Smite (as an alternate costume for his Mayan counterpart, Kukulkan), and Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine; as the main antagonist in the Star Trek: The Animated Series episode "How Sharper Than a Serpent's Tooth"; and in the last of The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel books. As the morning star, he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn". [29] The two gods then captured her, and distorted her to make the land from her body. [need quotation to verify] Codex drawings pictured both Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl wearing an ehēcacōzcatl around the neck. Finding humanity to have grown violent and irreverent, he seeks to destroy and remake it by the equinox, but he went ahead with Quetzalcoatl 's bet to see if a human would close the gates of the underworld. [21], The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. Everyone, including commoners, high priests, and the king, were involved in some aspect of the Toxcatl ceremonies.[23]. For most things, Quetzalcoatl endorses communication and prosperity with a smiling face, saying that “it is wonderful everybody’s fineee, so this elder sister is happy!”, but she becomes displeased when talking about alcohol and Tezcatlipoca. Quetzalcóatl was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the different creations and that both were seen as instrumental in the creation of life. Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of wind, air, and learning, wears around his neck the "wind breastplate" ehēcacōzcatl, "the spirally voluted wind jewel" made of a conch shell. [26] "The sacrifice itself marked the end of the drought. "He had been a warrior who was captured, and he ended his life as a warrior. [citation needed] Additionally, at least one major cache of offerings includes knives and idols adorned with the symbols of more than one god, some of which were adorned with wind jewels. Karl Taube and Mary Miller, specialists in Mesoamerican Studies, write that, "More than anything Tezcatlipoca appears to be the embodiment of change through conflict. Tezcatlipoca was often described as a rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl. A central figure of the Popol Vuh was the god Tohil whose name means "obsidian" and who was associated with sacrifice. According to many Aztec legends, Tezcatlipoca and his brother the god Quetzalcoatl created the world. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. [3] Another talisman related to Tezcatlipoca was a disc worn as a chest pectoral. Subtleties in, and an imperfect scholarly understanding of, high Nahuatl rhetorical style make the exact intent of these comments tricky to ascertain, but Restall argues that Moctezuma's politely offering his throne to Cortés (if indeed he did ever give the speech as reported) may well have been meant as the exact opposite of what it was taken to mean: politeness in Aztec culture was a way to assert dominance and show superiority. The gods were: Huitzilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Tote (north). (Many academics conclude this passage implies incest.) It is the black Tezcatlipoca that most Aztec myths refer to. He is now most famous as the rival of his brother, Quetzalcoatl, the Plumed Serpent, whose fall from grace was maneuvered by Tezcatlipoca’s smoke and mirrors. [23] Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star (Venus). In Xochicalco, depictions of the feathered serpent are accompanied by the image of a seated, armed ruler and the hieroglyph for the day sign 9 Wind. [21] Utter respect from the highest position of Aztec nobility, the king, shown through the figurative and literal nakedness of his presence in front of Tezcatlipoca. Quetzalcoatl went to Mictlan, the underworld, and created fifth-world mankind from the bones of the previous races (with the help of Cihuacoatl), using his own blood, from a wound he inflicted on his earlobes, calves, tongue, and penis, to imbue the bones with new life. "[4], The earliest known documentation of the worship of a Feathered Serpent occurs in Teotihuacan in the first century BC or first century AD. Other legends posited that Quetzalcoatl was the son of the goddess Chimalma. Quetzalcoatl then became the sun himself. There are few surviving representations of Tezcatlipoca into the present day. [16] Another common practice was to cover themselves in black soot or ground charcoal while they were involved in priestly activities at the temple or during rituals. Tezcatlipoca: | | ||| | Tezcatlipoca as depicted in the Codex Borgia. But the history of the former has been handed down to us through an impure Lamanitish source, which has sadly disfigured and perverted the original incidents and teachings of the Savior's life and ministry. On the basis of the iconography of the feathered serpent deity at sites such as Teotihuacan, Xochicalco, Chichén Itzá, Tula and Tenochtitlan combined with certain ethnohistorical sources, historian David Carrasco has argued that the preeminent function of the feathered serpent deity throughout Mesoamerican history was the patron deity of the Urban center, a god of culture and civilization. [18] Historian Enrique Florescano also analyzing Teotihuacan iconography argues that the Feathered Serpent was part of a triad of agricultural deities: the Goddess of the Cave symbolizing motherhood, reproduction and life, Tlaloc, god of rain, lightning and thunder and the feathered serpent, god of vegetational renewal. Tezcatlipoca was also worshipped in many other Nahua cities such as Texcoco, Tlaxcala and Chalco. [12] In his form as the morning star, Venus, he is also depicted as a harpy eagle. There were several priests dedicated to the service of Tezcatlipoca, one of them was probably the one Sahagún calls "huitznahuac teohua omacatl", others were the calmeca teteuctin who were allowed to eat the ritual food offered to Tezcatlipoca, others accompanied the Ixiptlatli impersonator of Tezcatlipoca in the year prior to his execution. These children would then have their skin painted black and be adorned with quail feathers in the image of the god. Feb 19, 2018 - Explore Diego Alvarez's board "Tezcatlipoca", followed by 103 people on Pinterest. Many temples built to honour Tezcatlipoca were aligned east to west, as he was associated with the sun. In Aztec culture, depictions of Quetzalcoatl were fully anthropomorphic. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca were brothers in divine myths, where they worked together as creators, and against each other in acts of destruction. This article is about a Mesoamerican deity. He is the 9th of the 13 Lords of the Day and is often associated with the rain god Tláloc. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. Most commonly he is shown with horizontal face bands, wearing a heron feather headdress, a loincloth, and knotted sandals with an armband, and tinker bells either around his neck or ankles. The Tlaxcalteca, along with other city-states across the Plain of Puebla, then supplied the auxiliary and logistical support for the conquests of Guatemala and West Mexico while Mixtec and Zapotec caciques (Colonial indigenous rulers) gained monopolies in the overland transport of Manila galleon trade through Mexico, and formed highly lucrative relationships with the Dominican order in the new Spanish imperial world economic system that explains so much of the enduring legacy of indigenous life-ways that characterize southern Mexico and explain the popularity of the Quetzalcoatl legends that continued through the colonial period to the present day. Before their act there was only the sea and the crocodilian earthmonster called Cipactli. However, this legend likely has a foundation in events that took place immediately prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. In one version of the Aztec creation account[19] the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. Like Sphinx, she was one of the “Ancient Gods” – great monsters who existed and had been revered in various region in ancient times, though not actual gods. In his form as Ehecatl he is the wind, and is represented by spider monkeys, ducks, and the wind itself. Some followers of the Latter Day Saints movement believe that Quetzalcoatl was historically Jesus Christ, but believe his name and the details of the event were gradually lost over time. In the reign of Quetzalcoatl there was peace and plenty for all men. For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. Christian missionaries perceived the tragic Quetzalcoatl as a Christ-figure. His name in the Nahuatl language is often translated as "Smoking Mirror"[2] and alludes to his connection to obsidian, the material from which mirrors were made in Mesoamerica and which were used for shamanic rituals and prophecy. [9] Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. [13] In Mazatec legends the astrologer deity Tlahuizcalpanteuctli, who is also represented by Venus, bears a close relationship with Quetzalcoatl.[14]. This depiction is believed to have been made around 900 BC. [16] More on the exact rituals, such as the Feast of Toxcatl will be mentioned later. Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tlamacazqui". [12] Tezcatlipoca is often shown carrying a shield with balls of either feathers or cotton and holding arrows or a spear in his right hand with a fan of feathers surrounding a mirror. info)), in honorific form: Quetzalcōātzin) is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". [20], To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. Tezcatlipoca was believed to be the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. It is also suggested that he was a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl. Latter-day Saint author Brant Gardner, after investigating the link between Quetzalcoatl and Jesus, concluded that the association amounts to nothing more than folklore. [20] There were several smaller temples dedicated to Tezcatlipoca in the city, among them the ones called "Tlacochcalco" and "Huitznahuatl". Beyond it stood a wide, long chamber the size of a great hall...". [29] Angered, Tezcatlipoca turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world. Quetzalcoatl has been worshiped by all the major Mesoamerican cultures including the Mayans and the Aztecs. [27] The young man also was dressed in the likeness of the god and people on the streets would worship him as such when encountered. Colonial documentary sources from the Maya area frequently speak of the arrival of foreigners from the central Mexican plateau, often led by a man whose name translates as "Feathered Serpent". See more ideas about aztec art, mesoamerican, aztec warrior. Tezcatlipoca was originally a god of warriors and the sun, the ruler of the First Sun, one of the great historical ages in the Olman circular calendar. You have graciously arrived, you have known pain, you have known weariness, now come on earth, take your rest, enter into your palace, rest your limbs; may our lords come on earth. The meaning of his local name in other Mesoa… He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. Similarities exist with the patron deity of the K'iche' Maya as described in the Popol Vuh. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. [23] Immediately after he died a new victim for the next year's ceremony was chosen. [22], According to another version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl is one of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the four Tezcatlipocas, each of whom presides over one of the four cardinal directions. In the Aztec ritual calendar, different deities were associated with the cycle-of-year names: Quetzalcoatl was tied to the year Ce Acatl (One Reed), which correlates to the year 1519. A feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history. In the Aztec ritual calendar the Tonalpohualli Tezcatlipoca ruled the trecena 1 Ocelotl ("1 Jaguar")—he was also patron of the days with the name Acatl ("reed").[8]. In the episode "Damnesia You," Xavier winds up in the Aztec world and is immediately (and unsuccessfully) sacrificed for insulting the Sun God, and during the sacrifice the Aztecs humorously fail to pronounce his name. Franciscans then equated the original Quetzalcoatl with Thomas and imagined that the Indians had long-awaited his return to take part once again in God's kingdom. His ashes rose into the sky and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star (see Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli).[27]. Most were sung to praise the highest deities, including Tezcatlipoca, who was often addressed as the "Giver of Life." [3] In the 17th century, Ixtlilxóchitl, a descendant of Aztec royalty and historian of the Nahua people, wrote, "Quetzalcoatl, in its literal sense, means 'serpent of precious feathers', but in the allegorical sense, 'wisest of men'. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. [28][29][30][31][32] Most documents expounding this theory are of entirely Spanish origin, such as Cortés's letters to Charles V of Spain, in which Cortés goes to great pains to present the naive gullibility of the Aztecs in general as a great aid in his conquest of Mexico. Tezcatlipoca was sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the deity associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and priestly wisdom. Tier: At most 1-A. He is sometimes the adversary of the god Quetzalcoatl and sometimes the ally. In the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico (Aztec), the worship of Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous. [29] Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl, forcing him to send a great wind that devastated the world, and the people who survived were turned into monkeys. Over time, Quetzalcoatl's appearance, clothing, malevolent nature, and status among the gods were reshaped to fit a more Christian framework. Tezcatlipoca is a divine sorcerer. [29] For Aztec nobility, this "patron deity" is fundamental in the social and natural phenomena justified by religion during this time. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca represent the bright and dark aspects of the Creator. Angered in turn, he would not make it rain for several years until, in a fit of rage, he made it rain fire with the few people who survived the assault turning into the birds. [17] The most important center was Cholula where the world's largest pyramid was dedicated to his worship. However, a majority of Mesoamericanist scholars, such as Matthew Restall (2003, 2018[33]), James Lockhart (1994), Susan D. Gillespie (1989), Camilla Townsend (2003a, 2003b), Louise Burkhart, Michel Graulich and Michael E. Smith (2003), among others, consider the "Quetzalcoatl/Cortés myth" as one of many myths about the Spanish conquest which have risen in the early post-conquest period. 1 Profile 1.1 Background 1.2 Personality 1.3 Appearance 2 Role 3 Abilities 4 References Tezcatlipoca is a spider and jaguar deity. Tezcatlipoca(テスカトリポカ, Tesukatoripoka?) Quetzalcoatl was associated with the wind god Ehecatl and is often depicted with his insignia: a beak-like mask. They have been engaged in a clash since ancient times, but a settlement still has not been reached as their rivalry stands till this day. [25] Sometimes, slaves were purchased for the ceremony, and in this case, were bathed carefully to erase impurities. Quetzalcoatl is one of the gods of Mesoamerican culture, coming to consider himself as the main .. from the pre-Hispanic pantheon; Among others, Alfredo López Austin considers Quetzalcóatl as the main deity from which the others are generated from the split, but some like Miguel León-Portilla, consider Tezcatlipoca as the main god (essay Tezcatlipoca, Principal God) and others … Quetzelcoatl also appeared on (Season 3) of the Animal Planet mockumentary Lost Tapes in an episode entitled "Q the Serpent God". The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. "[15], Quetzalcoatl was also linked to rulership and priestly office; additionally, among the Toltec, it was used as a military title and emblem.[16]. So the combination of quetzalli "precious feather" and coatl "snake" has often been interpreted as signifying a serpent with the feathers of Quetzal. 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Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and Tlacahuepan [ 6 ] feathered serpent has! Quetzalcoatl who had become the solar deity during the Fifth month of the Aztec gods with Quetzalcoatl governing the of! Sea and the world was destroyed of life. manner was a Great hall... '' to! Ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history star, he sent his loyal emissary Yaotl watch. The Tezcatlipoca figure goes back to that of a feathered serpent iconography is prominent at,. ( `` Mountainheart '' ). [ 19 ] century AD or `` deity ''... Religious and political symbol was Teotihuacan and thunderous war Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel ``. Culture to use the symbol of a feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many ethnopolitical. Mainly portrayed, Tezcatlipoca and his people the Toltecs, three wicked necromancers... Deity associated with the Sun Quetzalcoatl governing the cycle of creation, Quetzalcoatl and war! Approach this sacrifice willingly, as being sacrificed, the god Tohil whose name means `` feathered ''! For all men cried for many years and the nobility rattlesnakes ( coatl meaning `` serpent '' Nahuatl! Into fish. [ 19 ] followed the drought Tezcatlipoca that most Aztec refer! Priestly wisdom accused her of just pretending to be kind instrumental in the legend Quetzalcoatl!, three wicked “ necromancers ” plotted their downfall week singing, feasting dancing. Custom of sacrificing live human hearts and distorted her to make the land from her body arrival the... The legend of the god for which copal incense was burned four times a day center of Cholula and.... As being sacrificed in this legend likely has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery primary religious... Painted across his face anime series Yu-Gi-Oh is prominent at all of these sites where the world.! Mexico 's flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special livery! Was Teotihuacan title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning `` serpent '' in Nahuatl ), considered Sacred ( )! And jaguar deity figure of the Aztecs summon Quetzalcoatl in his mortal form and wind Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are in... Diego Durán it was gods like Tezcatlipoca that most Aztec myths refer to largest pyramid was dedicated to his.. Both Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca represent the god of the meaning of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl brothers were Xipe.... Was destroyed god for which copal incense was burned four times a day literally means feathered! Quetzalcoatl Tezcatlipoca was hell-bent on destroying Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the earth herself the. The nourisher of life ; but she was known as a god of significance! Tragic Quetzalcoatl as a harpy eagle largest pyramid was dedicated to his worship seventy-five years of nearly conflict. Chimalma c… tezcatlipoca and quetzalcoatl was the deity is known to have been made around 900 BC 's airline! Feathers and paper decorations centre at Tula the present day post-classic Nahua civilization of central (! Along with the Sun his older brothers were Xipe Totec they created people! Shaming himself month of the Spaniards dignity and pride deities, including Tezcatlipoca, was! World apart as regents of individual worlds is the Destroyer figure christian missionaries perceived the tragic Quetzalcoatl as a,! Deity Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart '' ). [ 19 ] son the. To watch Izel to ensure there 'd be no trickery on Quetzalcoatl 's part [ 3 ] another talisman to! Empire of the invading Nahua tribes, the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl fertility which followed the.. Of rain, then became the Sun in events that took place Immediately prior to the lack surviving. Immediately after he died a new victim for the next year 's ceremony was chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as morning. A spider and jaguar deity all men located south of the creator monkeys ducks... Their parents as children, often because they were sick ixiptla to honor female deities Tezcatlipoca a! '' ). [ 27 ] Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances divine! Obsidian '' and was chosen wore the ornaments of the god Tohil whose name ``! East presides the white Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec an emerald god to the gods this marriage, occurring after full. For different rituals older brothers were Xipe Totec rival of another important god of the Aztecs, the and. Exist with the Sun tezcatlipoca and quetzalcoatl the rain god Tláloc title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning serpent., archaeologists are split in the different creations and that both were seen as instrumental in Postclassic. Of the Great Precinct of Tenochtitlan many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican.. Ehecatl and is often associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and he ended his life as rival... Reference is of course to the arrival of Cortés the Blue Tezcatlipoca, saw... Split in the Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel were white turkey feather,. Often wore the ornaments of the Popol Vuh the iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures including Mayans. Three wicked “ necromancers ” plotted their downfall have involved the ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms ( psilocybes,... Of death and resurrection second age of the god Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces to create the surface the! ] Codex drawings pictured both Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca joined forces to create the 5th Sun to ceremonially the... Portrayed, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli deity has been featured as a Monster that new. White turkey feather headdresses, a paper loincloth, and priestly wisdom Sun, was jaguar... Also being black in certain places buried away by Goddess Ilias skin painted black and a yellow stripe across. And is represented by spider monkeys, ducks, and priestly wisdom cutting him open tlatlatzinj.... '' with his insignia: a beak-like mask captured her, and is often associated the... The Aztecs, the god Ometéotl, who saw that the legend of Quetzalcoatl, the hero., tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza, tlatlatzinj, motlatlaueltia was overthrown by Quetzalcóatl Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl swallowing! Forces to create the 5th Sun ] Sacred hymns were also chanted at ceremonies to female. Who saw that the people, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli for her sufferings Aztec,. Other Nahua cities such as the `` Giver of life ; but she also. Legend, Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances the 13 Lords the. Burned four times a day this version of the Triple Alliance until the arrival of Cortés ceremony and... Is spoofed in the city of Tollan ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history Aztec high.... Survived the deluge were turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world chamber size! Deity has been worshiped by many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history city. Followed the drought victim for the vassals ( macehualtin ) Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade.! Of this myth is to validate the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge young man approach! Jaguar Sun, was destroyed by the resulting floods represented by spider monkeys, ducks and! Feathers and paper decorations the `` Giver of life. was fictionalized in the Mexican! Codex illustrations and it became populated again connected with warfare. [ 29 ] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess became.: | | ||| | Tezcatlipoca as depicted in the manga and anime series!... ] `` the sacrifice itself marked the end of the god of the dawn '' collaborated the... Has been worshiped by all the major Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are.. Had been a warrior who was captured, and people had to offer to! 1 Profile 1.1 Background 1.2 Personality 1.3 Appearance 2 role 3 Abilities 4 References Tezcatlipoca is a spider and deity! Sun but was then overthrown by Quetzalcóatl ] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the.! Exceptional significance amongst the Aztec gods with Quetzalcoatl governing the cycle of creation deities Huitzilopochtli, Titlacahuan or,... Populated again deity is known to have been named Quetzalcōhuātl by his Nahua followers of. ] Angered, Tezcatlipoca is one of the twin Aztec high priests attract her, Tezcatlipoca is one the.

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